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دانلود رایگان نمونه سوالات دی ماه، خرداد، سوالات کارشناسی ارشد، پرسش مهر 12 - نكات و نمونه تستهای زبان انگلیسی سوم راهنمایی

پرسش مهر 12، کارشناسی ارشد،دانلود سوال پیش دانشگاهی،دوره دبیرستان ، دوره راهنمایی ، دوره ابتدایی و ...
نویسنده :علی
تاریخ:پنجشنبه 7 دی 1391-10:15 ق.ظ

نكات و نمونه تستهای زبان انگلیسی سوم راهنمایی

نكات و نمونه تستهای زبان انگلیسی سوم راهنمایی
نكته can 1-can توانایی در زمان حال را بیان می كند.  2- بعد از can شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد.

1) Can John………here by lunch time?
a) got
b) get
c) gets
d) getting

نكته  could توانایی در زمان گذشته رابیان می كند.  و بعد از آن شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد.


بقیه در ادامه مطلب


نكته can 1-can توانایی در زمان حال را بیان می كند.  2- بعد از can شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد.

1) Can John………here by lunch time?
a) got
b) get
c) gets
d) getting

نكته  could توانایی در زمان گذشته رابیان می كند.  و بعد از آن شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد.

1)I can swim very well , but I ……. swim very well before .
a) can’t
b ) shouldn’t
c) couldn’t
d) mustn’t
2) All the students could ……….. the questions easily yesterday.
a) answers
b) answer
c) to answer
d) answering
3) Could you.…..English 4 years ago ?
a) wrote
b) to write
c) writing
d) write
4) He couldn’t…………....how jet engines work.
a) explains
b) explain
c) to explain
d) explaining

نكته  ( have to , has to )  اجبار در زمان حال را بیان می كند و بعد از آن شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد

1) I have to …. an appointment with the dentist.
a)makes
b) make
c) to make
d) making
2) Does she … speak French in her job ?
a) has to
b) had to
c) have to
d ) can
3) She has to…….….her lessons carefully.
a) study
b) studied
c) to study
d) studying
4) Does John..…help his mother at home?
a) have to
b) has to
c) had to
d) can

نكته  “مجبور بودن had to ”  اجبار در زمان گذشته را بیان می كند. وگذشته has to , have to می باشد وبعد از آن باید شكل ساده فعل قرار داد.

1)They didn’t know the address. They …. ask a policeman.
a) have to
b ) can
c) had to
d ) has to

 


2) Reza was late for class. He… see the teacher.
a) has to
b) can
c) should
d) had to
3) The old man was sick. He had to …..…. the doctor.
a) saw
b) see
c) sees
d) seen
4) I had to……..for her for three hours yesterday.
a) wait
b) waiting
c) waited
d) waits

نكته  “should” كاربرد  باید اخلاقی و اجتماعی است. و بعد از آن شكل ساده فعل قرار می گیرد.

1) We have a test at 7 o'clock. We … get up early.
a) should
b) could
c) had to
d) has to
2) They don’t know the address. They should …. a policeman.
a) asks
b) to ask
c) asked
d) ask

 


3) You like to learn English. You should… hard.
a) studied
b) to study
c) study
d) studying
4)The student wants to understand the question. He should ……...carefully.
a) listened
b) to listen
c) listening
d) listen

نكته as ….. asصفت تساوی  اگر دو شخص و یا دو شیئی صفتی را بطوریكسان و برابر داشته باشند ازساختار صفت تساوی استفاده می كنیم.  as صفت as

1)My handwriting is as……. as my sister’s hand writing.
a) better
b) good
c) well
d) best
2) This story book is ….that one.
a) more interesting
b) as interesting as
c) The most interesting
d) interesting
3) Her voice is as …….as mine.
a) better
b) good
c) well
d) best

 


4) This house is ….……that one.
a) bigger
b) biggest
c) as big as
d) big

نكته صفت تفضیلی ( برتر )  این صفت برتری یك شخص و یا یك شیئی را نسبت به یك شخص و یا یك شیئی دیگر بیان می كند.
صفت یك بخشی + er + than

1)John is ……. than his sister.
a)Old
b) as old as
c) older
d) the oldest
2) The woman is ….. the man.
1)younger
b) the youngest
c) young
d) younger than
3) The car is …..…..the bus.
a)newer
b) the newest
c) new
d) newer than
4) The dictionary is…..the book.
a)larger than
b) the largest
c) large
d) larger

نكته  صفت تفضیلی ( برتر )  اگر صفت چند بخشی باشد از این ساختار استفاده می كنیم :  صفت چند بخشی+ more+than

1)This problem is……..…than that problem.
a) more expensive
b) expensive
c) as expensive as
d) the most expensive
2)This garden is…than his garden.
a) beautiful
b) as beautiful as
c) more beautifully
d) more beautiful
3) A chair is ………than a bench.
a) comfortable
b) as comfortable as
c) more comfortably
d) more comfortable
4) A watch is ……..than a pen.
a) expensive
b) as expensive as
c) more expensive
d) more expensively
نكته  صفت عالی ( ترین )  یـن صفت بـرتـری یك شخص و یـا یك شیئی را نسبت به چند شخص و یا چند شیئی بیـان می كند. اگر صفت یك بخشی باشد از ایـن فرمول استفاده می كنیم.  the+ صفت یك بخشی+ est

1) January is …. month of the year.
a) colder than
b) as cold as
c) the coldest
d) coldest

 


2) John is ….boy in his family.
a) shorter
b) the shortest
c) as shorter as
d) shortest
3) This art gallery is………..one in our city.
a) old
b) older than
c) the oldest
d) as old as
4) This chapter is ……..one in this book.
a) the easiest
b) as easy as
c) easier than
d) easy

صفت عالی / صفت تفضیلی

نكته صفت عالی  ترین  اگر صفت چند بخشی باشد در صفت عالی از فرمول زیر استفاده می شود.  the + most  +صفت چند بخشی

1)This chair is ….chair in the whole house.
a) comfortable
b) more comfortable
c) the most comfortable
d) as comfortable as
2) This park is … park in their city.
a) the most beautiful
b) more beautiful
c) beautiful
d) as beautiful as

 


3)This story is….story in the book
a) the most difficult
b) difficult
c) as difficult as
d) more difficult
4)This lesson is …………lesson in our book.
a) the most important
b) important
c) more important
d) as important as

نكته (good-better-best) صفت تفضیلی و عالی در صفت good بصورت زیر است :  (good-better-best)

1)The lunch was…... than the breakfast.
a) good
b) better
c) as good as
d) best
2) Mary is…student in her class.
a) the best
b) better
c) good
d) as good as
3) It is ………story book that I’ve ever read.
a) best
b) worse
c) better than
d) the worst

 


4) This is…..school in this city.
a) best
b) the best
c) better
d) good

نكته  (bad - worse - worst) صفت تفضیلی و عالی در صفت  bad بصورت زیر است :  (bad – worse - worst)

‎‎1)Your handwriting is ..… my handwriting.
a) bad
b) worse than
c) the worst
d) as badly as
2) I can’t read what John has written.He has the.…handwriting in the class.
a) best
b) least
c) most
d) worst
3) This is……....story book that I have ever read.
a) the worst
b) bad
c) worst
d) worse than
4) I didn’t like the dinner. It was ………….one.
a) the worst
b) bad
c) worst
d) worse than

نكته  much more – most many صفت تفصیلی وعالی Much ,  many بصورت زیر است  more – most

1)Reza has…. book than his friends.
a) much
b) many
c) more
d) the most
2) Mary has…. Friends of all.
a) more
b) the most
c) much
d) many
3) An armchair is…..comfortable of all.
a) the most
b) more
c) much
d) many
4) Tehran is…….important city in Iran.
a) more
b) much
c) most
d) the most

نكته « ترتیب قرار گرفتن كلمات در یك جمله » برای ساختن یك جمله انگلیسی بصورت زیرعمل می كنیم.
( قیدزمان+ قید مكان+ قیدحالت+ (مفعول)+ فعل+ فاعل )  قید تكرار  usually – always ... بعد از فاعل و فعل كمكی و قبل از فعل اصلی قرار می گیرد

1) Ali ate ………………
a) quickly the sandwich over there.
b) quickly over there the sandwich.
c) the sandwich quickly over there.
d) the sandwich over there quickly.

 


2)Does...his homework carefully?
a) always he do
b) always do he
c) he do always
d) he always do
3) The teacher………………
a) taught the lesson carefully yesterday.
b) taught the lesson yesterday carefully.
c) the lesson taught carefully yesterday.
d) yesterday taught carefully the lesson.
4)The old man was walking………
a) slowly in the park this morning.
b) in the park slowly this morning.
c) slowly this morning in the park.
d) this morning slowly in the park.
 

نكته “ Question Tag ”  سوالی كوتاه  برای ساختن سوالی كوتاه  1- اگر جمله مثبت باشد ، سوالی كوتــــاه منفی می شود و بالعكس  2- اگر در جمله فعل كمكی وجود داشت از خود ایـن  افعال كمكی استفاده می شود در غیر اینصورت از do ؛ does
برای زمان حال does , do استفاده میشود.  وبرای گذشته از did استفاده می شود.
3- بجای اسم از ضمیــر فـاعلی منـاسب استفـــاده می كنیم.

1) Reza spoke to the teacher yesterday morning,…. ?
a) didn’t he
b) did he
c) did Reza
d) didn’t Reza

 


 

2) I never write my homework with a pencil , ……..?
a) don’t you
b ) do you
c) don’t I
d ) do I
3) The teacher speaks English fast,……..?
a) didn’t he
b ) does he
c) did he
d ) doesn’t he
4) Parvin was running in the yard,…….?
a) wasn’t she
b ) was she
c) did she
d ) does she

« دو نكته در مورد سوالی كوتاه »  در جملات شرطی سوالی كـوتـاه را بــر مبنــــای یا « جواب شرط » می سازیم.   نكته
rarely Seldom Hardly قیــد تكــرار نیمــــه منفی ماننـــد مئارد فوق را كاملا منفی فرض می كنیم پس سوالی كوتاه را مثبت می سازیم.

1) If she comes here, she will see her sister , …. ?
a) doesn’t she
b) does she
c) won’t she
d) will she
2) The man can hardly walk , …?
a) can’t he
b) can he
c) can’t the man
d) can the man

 


3) If you came,he would study,…?
a) didn’t you
b) wouldn’t you
c) wouldn’t he
d) didn’t he
4) If he didn’t eat too much, he wouldn’t be so fat,……..?
a) would he
b) did he
c) didn’t he
d) wouldn’t he

نكته  جملاتی كـــه بــــا  nobody- everybody  someone و ....  شروع شوند در سوالی كوتــــاه از ضمیر فاعلی
“ they”  استفاده می شود

1) I’m a teacher , ….. ?
a) am not I
b) am I
c) aren’t I
d) are you
2) Nobody phoned while I was out , … ?
a) did they
b) didn’t they
c) didn’t he
d) doesn’t he
3) Everybody attended the meeting,……..?
a) didn’t they
b) doesn’t he
c) did they
d) didn’t he

 


4) Somebody borrowed my coat yesterday,……..?
a) don’t they
b) didn’t they
c) did they
d) do they

نكته  « سوالی كوتاه » set زیــرا اگر زمان حال بـود در تست شماره 1 زمان گذشتــه می باشد “s”  سـوم شخص مفـرد می گرفت used to عادتی است درزمان گذشته كه اكنون تـرك شـده است پس در سوالی كوتاه از فعل كمكی  Did  استفاده

 می كنیم.

1)She set the table for lunch,..?
a) does she
b) doesn’t she
c ) did she
d) didn’t she
2) She used to be a good tennis player , … ?
a) did she
b) didn’t she
c) does she
d) doesn’t she
3) John read the story from beginning to the end,…….?
a) doesn’t he
b) does he
c) didn’t he
d) did he
4) Mary put on her warm clothes,…?
a) doesn’t she
b) didn’t she
c) does she
d) did she

نكته  « سوالی كوتاه » people – crowd – the police اسم جمع می باشند و در سوالی كوتــاه از ضمیــر فاعلی
They  استفاده می كنیم.

1)The police never found the money stolen in the robbery,...?
a) didn’t he
b) did he
c) didn’t they
d) did they
2) People usually don’t like being in crowded places ,…?
a) do they
b) don’t they
c) does he
d) doesn’t he
3) The crowd attended the meeting eagerly ,……..?
a) don’t they
b) do they
c) didn’t they
d) did they

نكته  “ passive case”  وجه مجهول  برای مجهول كردن یك جمله معلوم  1- مفعول را به اول جمله و بجای فاعل قرار می دهیم.  مناسب با زمان جمله را اضافه می كنیم. to be2- فعل  3- قسمت سوم فعل را اضافه می كنیم
توجـــــه
فاعل جمله را میتوان باحرف اضافه by آخر جمله اضافه كنیم.

1) A:“Did you clean the room ?”
B : “ No , it …. tomorrow.”
a) will clean
b) cleans
c) will be cleaned d) is cleaning

 


 

2) The films……in this building on Mondays.
a) show
b) are shown
c) were shown
d) are showing
3) The English language……in a lot of countries nowadays.
a) is speaking
b) has spoken
c) is spoken
d) was speaking
4) When I was very small I……… in the park one afternoon.
a) had lost
b) have lost
c) lost
d) was lost

... جملات مجهول / اسامی غیر قابل شمارش

 نكته  جملات مجهول اگر فاعل جمله بصورت شیئی باشد در آخر جمله مجهول آنرا با یكی از حروف اضافه  With , in
می نویسیم

1)The room was filled …. smoke.
a) by
b) with
c) at
d) on
2) The lock was covered… paint.
a) with
b) by
c) at
d) on

 


3) Pepper was contained .…the food.
a) with
b) in
c) at
d) by
4) The sea was polluted……..oil.
a) by
b) on
c) with
d) in

نكته  Money , Homework  یك اسم غیرقابل شمارش است وباید با فعل  Tobe  مفرد بكاررو.د ولی دلار ، مارك ، ریال و.... قابل شمارش است

1)A lot of money… to be spent on repairs to the house.
a) is needed
b) need
c) are needed
d) has needed
2) How much homework… by the students?
a) are done
b) is done
c) is doing
d) are doing
3) How many dollars………….on educational programs?
a) should spend
b) spend
c) are spending
d) should be spent
یكی از چهار گزینه از نظر دستوری غلط است.
4)How much homework should do by the student?
1)much
2)homework
3)should do
4)by

نكته ضمایر انعكاسی – تاكیدی ضمایر انعكاسی عبارتند از :  My self---> our selves Your self---> your selves
Him self , her self , it self ---> them selves

1)The house …..is beautiful, but the surroundings are rather unpleasant.
a) myself
b) itself
c) ourselves
d) himself
2)My mother told me,“Take care of … when you are climbing the mountain.”
a) myself
b) ourselves
c) yourselves
d) yourself
3) “Be careful and take care of….. when you are crossing the street”. my mother told us.
a) yourself
b) herself
c) your selves
d) myself
4) we protect………from the rain with an umbrella.
a) myself
b) ourselves
c) himself
d) herself

 

نكته  ضمایر موصولی Relative pronouns Whose ضمیر موصولی ای می باشد كه حالت مالكیت را بیان می كند.

انسان(مالك)
 
+
 
whose
 
+
 
اسم مورد تملك
 

1) The children… painting won a prize were given ten pounds each.
a) who
b) that
c) what
d) whose
2)The writer….works are always admired by people all over the world is William Shakespeare.
a) whose
b) whom
c) which
d) who
3) Amin……....father works in this department store is in our class.
a) that
b) which
c) whose
d) whom
4) The man over there,…....name I don’t remember is an artist.
a) who
b) whose
c) whom
d) that

نكته  ضمایر موصولی Who ضمیر موصولی است كه مرجع آن شخصی است در حالت فاعلی

شخص
 
+
 
who
 
+
 
فعل
 

1) The writer….. has written this interesting story is very famous.
a) whose
b) whom
c) which
d) who
2) The mechanic..… is repairing the car is his friend.
a) whose
b) whom
c) who
d) which
3) I don’t like people….…….lose their tempers easily.
a) whom
b) who
c) whose
d) which
4) The man …….telephoned you lives in this house.
a) whose
b) whom
c) who
d) which

نكته  ضمایر موصولی Whom مرجع آن شخصی است در حالت مفعولی

شخص
 
+
 
Whom
 
+
 
فاعل
 

1)The boy… you were quarreling with is my cousin.
a) whose
b) whom
c) which
d) what
2) The lady …. I expected hasn’t come in yet.
a) whose
b) which
c) whom
d) what
3) The boy ………... I invited has blue eyes.
a) whose
b) which
c) where
d) whom
4) The man ……..they employed has blue eyes.
a) whose
b) whom
c) which
d) when

نكته  ضمایر موصولی مرجع  Which شیئی ویا حیوان می باشد هم در حالت فاعلی و هم در حالت مفعولی

شیئ یا حیوان
 
+
 
 
 
+
 
فعل یا فاعل
 

 

1) The car……. was taking us to the airport broke down.
a) which
b) who
c) whose
d) whom
2)The ladder on... I was standing began to slip.
a) whose
b) where
c) which
d) that
3)The cars….were fixed yesterday are over there.
a) which
b) who
c) where
d) who me
4)The letter…..….he has written is in his room.
a) who
b) whom
c) which
d) whose

نكته  ضمایر موصولی اگر بعد از ضمایر موصولی  Who , which , that یك فعل To be قرار گرفته باشد در صورت حذف ضمایر موصولی فعل To be  بعد از آن هم باید حذف شود.  Who are playing---> playing Who was injured---> injured

1) The boys…..…football are my friends.
a) play
b) playing
c) plays
d) are playing
2)The man…in the accident was taken to hospital.
a) who injured
b) injured
c) whom injured
d) that injured
3)The picture…….yesterday is over there.
a) was drawing
b) drawn
c) were drawn
d) which was drawing

... no / any / ضمایر ملکی

نكته  No , Any No در جملاتی بكار می رود كه در آنها  Not , Never وجود نداشته باشد Any در جملاتی بكار می رود كه در آنها  Not , Never وجود داشته باشد توجه بعد از No , Any هم اسم قابل شمارش جمع قرار می گیرد وهم اسم غیر قابل شمارش مفرد

1) There is …paper on the desk.
a) any
b) few
c) many
d)no
 2) There aren’t…students in the classroom.
a) no
b) any
c) some
d) much
 3) A: “Did anybody telephone me in the morning?
B: “No , ….telephoned you in the morning.”
a) everybody
b) somebody
c) any body
d) nobody
 )John wanted to buy a new car but he didn’t have …….money.
a) any
b) no
c) some
d) many

نكته  ضمایر ملكی possessive Adjective ضمایر ملكی عبارتند از Mine---> ours Yours---> yours
His , Hers , Its ---> theirs این ضمایر در جمله جانشین اسم+صفت ملكی می شود وبعد از ضمایر ملكی اسم قرار نمی گیرد.

1) when you telephoned, I was talking to a friend of ….....
a ) I
b) myself
c) me
d) mine
 2) My car is blue , but ..… is not.
a) your
b) yours
c) you
d) yourself
 3) A: “ Are these your pens?”
B: “ No,…..are blue.”
 a) our
b) us
c) we
d) ours
4) A:“Is this your brother’s umbrella?”
B: “ No,…..is on the table.”
a) my
b) mine
c) him
d) his

نكته  ضمایر مفعولی objective pronouns بعد از فعل از ضمایر مفعولی اشتفاده می كنیم و عبارتند از  Me---> us
You---> us Him , her , it ---> them

1) Mary and her sister are my best friends.I respect……..very much.
a) they
b) themselves
c) theirs
d) them
2) Our grandfather told John and..… an interesting story.
a) I
b) me
c) myself
d) mine
3)The man charged…five dollars.
a) I
b) mine
c) myself
d) me
4)He wished…..a pleasant journey.
a) we
b) us
c) our
d) ourselves

نكته  « كاربرد ضمیر مفعولی بعد از حرف اضافه » نكتــــه  بعد از حرف اضافه از ضمیر مفعولی استفاده می كنیم.

1)It is cold . Take your coat with yourself.
كدام گزینه از نظر دستوری اشتباه است
a) It
b) Take
c) with
d) yourself
2) I took my brother out with…. to do some shopping.
a) I
b) me
c) mine
d) myself
3) He doesn’t go near dogs because he is afraid………….
a) of they
b) to them
c) of them
d) them to
4) “What was the film like?” “It was amusing for………..to watch that film.”
a) I
b) me
c) my
d) mine

نكته حرف تعریف معین The قبل از قسمتی از روز از حرف تعریف  The استفاده می كنیم.  In the morning , in the evening , in the afternoon قبل از صفات كلكی و با روزهای هفته حرف تعریف  The استفاده نمی كنیم.
On monday

1) Our grandfather often says his prayers early in… morning.
a) a
b) an
c) ___
d) the
2) My mother will meet….…my English teacher on… Monday.
a) _ / _
b) the / the
c) _ / the
d) the / _
3) They arrived in Tehran in…… afternoon.
a) __
b) the
c) a
d) an
4) They haven’t seen each other since……..March.
a) the
b) a
c) ___
d) an

نكته حرف تعریف The بــا اسامی اشخاص و كشورها و همچنین ماههــای نمی‌آید.theسال وفصول و روزهای هفته حرف تعریف

1)     They haven’t seen each other since …. March.
a) the
b) a
c) an
d) __

2) I have come to see……..Jack and his family.
a) a
b) __
c) the
d) an
3) They arrived in ……Tehran in the morning.
a) the
b) a
c) an
d) __
4) Which sentence is grammatically wrong ?
a) I didn’t listen to the news last night.
b) we get heat from the sun.
c)I have come here to see the Mary.
d) write this sentence on the blackboard.

 

 

 

نكته ساختار صفت بعد از فعل  To be به ساختار زیر توجه كنید

It
 
+
 
فعل to be
 
+
 
صفت
 
+
 
مفعول با for
 
+
 
فعل با to
 

 

1) A: “What was the film like?” B: “It was boring to me to watch that film.
كدام گزینه از نظر دستوری غلط است.
a) was
b) like
c) to
d) to watch
2) Is it possible ……. to read a book in a dark room?
a) for he
b) to him
c) for him
d) to he
3) It is not difficult for a good student………..good marks.
a) get
b) to get
c) getting
d) got
4) Which sentence is grammatically right ?
a) It is easy for he to find a job.
b) It is important be on time.
c) It is necessary for him to stand in line.
d) It is safe to him swimming in this river.

نكته  زمان حال ساده simple present Tense زمان حال ساده برای بیان عملی است كه بصورت تكرار و یا عادت انجام می شود. و وجود قیود تكرار میتواند یكی از نشانه های این زمان باشد :  …,usually , always , generally

1) How much ..….you generally pay for a pair of shoes?
a) do
b) does
c) was
d) were
2)we…ten new words everyday.
a) learns
b) learned
c) learn
d) to learn
3)He….to Washington once a week.
a) drives
b) driving
c) drove
d) driven
4) Water…………at 100 C
a) boil
b) is boiling
c) boils
d) to boil

نكته  زمان حال استمراری Present continuous Tense زمان حال استمراری برای بیان عملی است كه هم اكنون و در حال حاضر در حال انجام میباشد. وجود قیود زمانی at this moment - at present- now میتواند نشانه این زمان باشد.

1) At present they.….many new highways in Tehran.
a) build
b) built
c) are building
d) to build

 


2) He....pepper on his egg now.
a) puts
b) has put
c) put
d) is putting
3) I see that you..…….your new suit now.
a) wear
b) are wearing
c) wears
d) wore
4) The weather …..…better and better.
a) got
b) gets
c) is getting
d) get

نكته  «وجود كلمات هشدار دهنده درجمله حال استمراری» اگر جملــه ای با یكی از كلمــات هشـدار دهنــــده warning words شروع شده باشد آن جمله را با حال استمراری می نویسیم.  كلمات عبارتند از Look! , be quiet! , listen! , becare ful!

1) Be quiet ! The baby ……….
a) is sleeping
b) sleeps
c) had slept
d) sleep
2) Look ! The man……..after the tram.
a) runs
b) has run
c) run
d) is running

 


3) Look ! The cat……….to climb that tall tree.
a) try
b) tries
c) is trying
d) to try
4) Listen! Some one………at the door.
a) is knocking
b) knock
c) knocks
d) to knock

نكته ماضی نقلی Present perfect Tense این زمــان برای بیان عملی است كه در وقت نامشخص در گذشته آغاز شده است. و اثر آن تا زمان حال باقیست.

فاعل
 
+
 
have / has
 
+
 
قسمت سوم فعل
 
+
 
مبدا زمان(از)since / طول مدت زمان (به مدت)for
 

1) He is tired because he……… football all afternoon.
a) have played
b) has played
c) had played
d) played
2) John is unhappy because he ..… his money.
a) lost
b) have lost
c) has lost
d) lose

 


3) She …..here since 1948.
a) worked
b) have worked
c) has worked
d) was working
4) I ………in Greece since 1976.
a) have lived
b) lived
c) has lived
d) was living

نكته وجود قیود زمانی در ماضی نقلی Several times , yet , so far , up to now

1) I ……to him about it several times.
a) have spoken
b) am speaking
c) speak
d) spoke
2) She ……...English for 8 years.
a) studied
b) have studied
c) has studied
d) studying
3) we ………..17 lessons so far.
a) have learned
b) has learned
c) learned
d) were learning

 


 

4) Majid………………yet.
a) didn’t come
b) haven’t come
c) hasn’t come
d) wasn’t coming

 

 

 

... ماضی ساده / ماضی بعید

نكته  زمان گذشته سا ده Simple Past Tense این زمان برای بیان عملی است كه در وقت مشخص در گذشته آغاز شده باشد و پایان یافته باشد.

فاعل
 
+
 
قسمت دوم فعل
 
+
 
yesterday / last / ago
 

 

1) The plane .... Shiraz last night at midnight.
a) leave
b) leaves
c) left
d) have left
2)We…our dinner half an hour ago.
a) finishes
b) were finished
c) had finished
d) finished
3) Yesterday I……to the library to borrow a book.
a) went
b) go
c) am going
d) to go
4) He went to the restaurant and …………some food.
a) order
b) ordered
c) to order
d) orders

نكته  ماضی بعید این زمان برای بیان عملی است كه درزمان گذشته وقبل از یك عمل دیگر به وقوع پیوسته باشد كه اولین عمل را بـــه ماضی بعید و دومین عمل را به گذشته ساده می نویسیم :

فاعل
 
+
 
had
 
+
 
قسمت سوم فعل
 
+
 
......
 

1) John passed the exam because he…….enough before taking it.
a) had studied
b) has studied
c) would study
d) was studying
2) I ……..the rooms before they arrived.
a) cleaned
b) had cleaned
c) cleaning
d) have cleaned
3) The lady…..the dinner before her husband arrived.
a) will cook
b) had cooked
c) would cook
d) has cooked

 


4) The guests left after they…… lunch.
a) have eaten
b) eat
c) ate
d) had eaten

نكته  زمان آینده ساده Simple Future Tense این زمان برای بیان عملی است كه در وقت مشخص در آینده به وقوع خواهد پیوست.

فاعل
 
+

 

 
will
 
+
 
قسمت اول فعل
 
+
 
tomorrow / next
 

 

1)She...her grandfather tomorrow.
a) meet
b) will meet
c) met
d) meets
2) My friend…… with us this coming week - end.
a) will stay
b) stayed
c) had stayed
d) stays
3) Next month Jane……twenty three.
a) have
b) will be
c) has
d) is having

 


4) we …………….a good scientific program on T.V tomorrow evening.
a) watched
b) had watched
c) watch
d) will watch

نكته  تركیب قرار گرفتن صفات در جمله The / a / an ازچپ به راست اسم + جنس+ ملیت + رنگ + اندازه + كیفیت

1) Which sentence is grammatically wrong?
a) Don’t look at the people sitting over there.
b) Our brain can keep a record of past events.
c) The cars that are sold here are very expensive.
d) The new Japanese blue car will become cheaper.
2) Which sentence is grammatically right?
a) The white large cotton shirt was very beautiful.
b) The large white cotton shirt was very beautiful.
c) The cotton white large shirt was very beautiful.
d) The beautiful cotton white shirt was very large.
3) A: “ Do you have a watch ?”
B: “ Yes , I have………….. .”
a) an old gold watch.
b) a gold old watch
c) an old watch gold
d) a watch gold old

 

 

نكته  جمله اسمیه Noun Clause گاه یك جمله می توانــد به جای اسم درنقش مفعول قرارگیرد و نقش مفعول را درجمله بازی كندكه به آن جمله اسمیه میگوئیم.جمله اسمیه را میتوان با ضمایر موصولی - ...when - where - that
به جمله اصلی مرتبط كرد جمله اسمیه را هرگز با افعـال كمكی  ..., did – does – do سوالی نمی كنیم.

1) I don’t know what….for lunch yesterday.
a) did you eat
b) do you eat
c) you ate
d) you eat
2) A:“Do you know what she said?”
B: “No,I don’t know…….”
a) what did she say
b) what she says
c) what does she say
d) what she said

3) I really don’t know where…..the book I gave him.
a) was he left
b) he was left
c) has he left
d) he has left
4) “Where did he go ?”
“ I don’t know where…………”
a) he went
b) he goes
c) did he go
d) does he go

نكته  افعال ربطی Linking verbs افعال زیر ربطی می باشند و بعد از آنها صفت قرار می گیرد Look , sound , seem به معنی به نظر رسیدن Feel به معنی احساس كردن To be به معنی بودن Taste به معنی مزه دادان smell
به معنی بودادن

1) Yesterday your brother was sad but today he seems………
a) happily
b) sad
c) happy
d) sadly
2) He has worked very hard all day long and now he feels very....
a) surprised
b) tired
c) angrily
d) sadly
3) I wouldn’t buy that guitar.
It sounds a bit……….
a) cheap
b) cheaply
c) expensively
d) costly
4) This tastes……. . what’s in it?
a) quietly
b) sadly
c) friendly
d) delicious

 

 

اسم مصدر / suggest / except

نكته  اسم مصدر Gerund بعد از حروف اضافه ، فعل با Ing یا اسم مصدر قرار می گیرد.

1) A: “Are you still interested in…… an article about the environment?”
B:“Of course.And I’ve got an idea.”
a)writing
b) to write
c) writes
d) wrote
2) John said that he had studied English before……. the class.
a) attend
b) attending
c) to attend
c) attended
3) I prefer riding to ………..
a) walk
b) walked
c) walks
d) walking
4) I’m not used to.…...in London.
a) driving
b) drive
c) drove
d) drives

نكته  بعد از suggest  فعل با Ing قرار می گیرد.

1) My uncle suggested…. a job in a bank
a) get
b) to get
c) gets
d) getting
2) It was a lovely day. So I suggested…. to the park.
a) go
b) going
c) to go
d) gone

 


3) He suggested…...the children to the zoo.
a) taking
b) to take
c) take
d) took
4) My mother suggested……..to the mountains.
a) go
b) going
c) to go
d) goes

نكته  Except زمانیكه  Except با یك فعل همراه می شود معمولا فعل را بدون  To بكار می بریم.

1) She did nothing except…….. the whole time she was here.
a) complain
b) complaining
c) to complain
d) complained
2) I couldn’t do anything except just……… there and hope.
a) sitting
b) to sit
c) sat
d) sit
3) She did nothing except………
a) cry
b) crying
c) to cry
d) cried

 


4) The child does nothing except ……….T.V.
a) to watch
b) watching
c) watch
d) watched

نكته  Ago Ago همیشه با زمان گذشته بكار می رود

1) I ……… him three days ago.
a ) saw
b) have seen
c) would see
d) had seen
2) That hotel…. many years ago.
a) closed
b) has closed
c) had closed
d) was closed
3) I …….school three years ago.
a) left
b) have left
c) was left
d) would left
4) I ……….working for this film three years ago.
a) start
b) starting
c) started
d) have started

نكته  Want  بعد از Want ز فعل با to استفاده می شود.

1) Do you want me….you some coffee?
a) make
b) made
c) to make
d) makes?
2) I don’t want that man….here again?
a) to come
b) come
c) came
c) comes
3) We’re going to the cinema . Do you want …… with us?
a) coming
b) come
c) to come
c) comes
4) She wants…….…..to Italy.
a) to go
b) going
c) goes
c) went

 

 

 

نكته  ارزش داشتن  To be worth بعد از  To be worth  فعل با Ing  قرار می گیرد.

1) It isn’t worth…….…the car.
a) repair
b) repairing
c) to repair
d) repaired
2) It is not worth...angry with her.
a) getting
b) to get
c) got
d) gets
3) It is worth ……the film twice.
a) watching
b) watch
c) to watch
d) watches
4) It’s not worth…..…….upset.
a) get
b) to get
c) gets
d) getting

نكته  infinitive after adjective  بعد از بسیاری از صفات فعل با to قرار می گیرد

1) I was very pleased …...….you yesterday.
a) see
b) seen
c) saw
d) to see
2) She was upset……… that her sister was ill.
a) to hear
b) hear
c) hears
d) heard

 


 

3) It is very nice ……. You .
a) see
b) to see
c) sees
d) saw
4) Relativity theory isn’t easy….
a) to understand
b) understand
c) understanding
d)understood

نكته  Last week , last yesterday در نقل قول غیر مستقیم گذشته به  The pervious week , the pervious day , the week before تبدیل می شود

1) He said that he had gone there…. with his brother.
a) last week
b) next week
c) the previous week
d) the week after
2) What did he say to his wife when he got home?
He told her that he ….. hard at3 the office the week before.
a) worked
b) had worked
c) has worked
d) has been working
3) Ali asked Hamid if he had gone to the cinema with his father………
a) last week
b) next week
c) the previous week
d) the following week.

 


4) I asked my friend, “Where did you meet him yesterday.” I asked my friend where he had met him ….
a) yesterday
b) the day before
c) the following day
d) the day after

نكته  Remind , ask  بعد از  Remind , ask  ابتدا مفعول سپس فعل با  To  قرار می گیرد.

1) Mr.Smith said,“Would you like to come to our house for dinner?” Mr.Smith…us to go to their house for dinner.
a) ordered
b) advised
c) reminded
c) invited
2) we asked him..…. back the money as soon as possible .
a) pay
b) pays
c) don’t pay
d) to pay
3) John to Mary : “Don’t forget to post the letter.” John reminded Mary …… the letter .
a) to post
b) not to post
c) posting
d) don’t post
4)The teacher asked David……. English in class.
a) speak
b) to speak
c) speaking
d) spoke

نكته  جمله وصفی غیر همزمانی  فاعل مطابق با جمله اول + گذشته فعل  +having PP…. 

1) A:“Did you buy anything else?”
B: “ No ,………….”
a) spending all my money, I couldn’t buy anything else.
b) having spent all my money, my mother couldn’t buy anything else.
c) having spent all my money, I couldn’t buy anything else.
d) to spend all my money, I couldn’t buy anything else.
2) I told the doctor,…...from the height, I felt a sharp pain in my left shoulder.
a) Fall
b) Fell
c) Having fallen
d) Falls
3) A:“Did John do his homework?”
B: “Yes,…….all his homework,
he handed it in to the teacher.
a) doing
b) having done
c) does
d) did
4) ………..the car, the mechanic took it out for a road test.
a) To repair
b) Repairs
c) Repairing
d) Having repaired

 

 

نكته  Rob , steal مفعول فعل Steal چیزی است كه دزدیده شده است steal مفعول فعل وآن چیــزی متعلــق به انسان نیست اما مفعول فعــل Rob شخص یا مكانی است كه چیزها ازآنجا ربـــوده می شوند.

 

1) They..…five thousand pounds from the bank.
a) stole
b) rabbed
c) rubbed
d) stored
2) Officer! My dog’s been…….!
a) robbed
b) stolen
c) pulled
d) shaken
3) They.…the bank,and got away with five thousand pounds.
a) stole
b) rubbed
c) pulled
d) robbed
4) Officer ! I’ve been ……….!
a) stolen
b) shaken
c) robbed
d) pulled



نوع مطلب : سوم راهنمایی 

 
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ماچتعجبعصبانی
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